As scary as it may sound, there are literally thousands of different species of mosquitoes out there, most of which inhabit the United States.
While the biggest pests feed on our blood and spread dangerous diseases, like Zika virus, some mosquitoes prefer feeding on other animals, and some rarer varieties don’t even feed on blood at all.
This particular genus of mosquito were originally found in tropical locales, but have recently been spotted everywhere except Antarctica.
Aedes mosquitoes are notorious carriers for viral infections, including West Nile virus, dengue fever, chikungunya, and most recently Zika.
The two most common species are the Aedes albopictus (also referred to as the Asian Tiger Mosquito) and the Aedes aegypti (or the Yellow Fever Mosquito).
Also referred to as Marsh mosquites, the Anopheles genus has about 460 different species.
The most prominent is the Anopheles gambiae, which is well known for spreading malaria; the number two cause of death in the entire world that kills hundreds of millions of people globally.
Also referred to as the House mosquito, this genus contains several species that are carriers of encephalitis, West Nile, and Rift Valley fever just to name a few.
These mosquitoes are found everywhere except the extreme North, and are the most common mosquito that are found in major cities in the US.
This genus has adapted to the cold, and can be found everywhere except South America.
Most species of Culiseta tend to bite mammals and birds, and their offspring is usually found in streams, rock pools, ditches, and ponds.
The Mansonia are bigger than most, and are brown or black in appearance with sparkling legs and wins.
These mosquitoes are found in most parts of the world, and are notorious for transmitting encephalitis. Mansonia also prefer to bite in the evening.
With a wide range of species, Psorophora mosquitoes vary in size, from small to massive.
This genus are mostly found in tropical areas of South and North America, and are carriers for encephalitis and Ilheus virus. Psorophora are sometimes referred to as flood-water mosquitoes, as they prefer laying their eggs on mud.
Also referred to as the Elephant mosquito, these mosquitoes don’t consume blood. Like their male counterparts, the females feed solely on plant nectar, and do not pose a risk to humans.
Interestingly enough, their larvae prey on the larvae of other mosquitoes; which is why it has been suggested that Toxorhynchites should be introduced in areas they don’t generally inhabit in order to help fight diseases like dengue.
Mostly found in South and Central America, this genus are not generally known to carry diseases, so they do not pose a risk to humans.
There are 140 known species of Wyeomyia, and they generally inhabit bamboo, containers, tree holes, and flowers.
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